Atlas -210x/215x POST MIXER AMPLIFIER
12 jun 2011 With other pictures, schematics and a second design for a post mixer amp.
Current saving LED lightning for dial and meter, home made Alu finger dimple.
POST MIXER AMPLIFIER I
An optimal operation of a double-balanced diode ring mixer can be improved if the IF port is loaded with a non-induction impedance of 50 ohms. This can be achieved with a so-called duplexer (fig»), but also with an amplifier with broadband input impedance of approximately 50 ohms.
I have tested a number of circuits see below:
Finally I selected the following design:
This J310 FET post mixer amplifier follows the front-end mixer without having to use a diplexer. The design is in fact a buffer between the mixer and the tuned L103. The modification is applicable for all PC-100A to 100D-PC boards. Note the different capacitors and colour of L3's slugs. The data was actually collected from the original boards.
The circuit with a grounded gate provides proper termination to the diode mixer and the input SWR at the source is flat. Too much gain in this set leads to oscillate during transmit, therefore the output is loaded through an attenuator with standard resistors. That improves the flat load for the mixer and a measurement showed SWR ≤ 1.7 from 1.5 to 45 MHz. Unfortunately my test gear was only accurate to about 45 MHz.
Purists will note that a high current FET could be a better choose. Indeed I have tested the amplifier with a vintage P8000 and P8002 FET. However in practice showed no noticeable difference, so I did the mod with the more available J310.
Mount the J310 with shorter legs. I used a 4C6 toroid in stead of the FT50-43 type.
The installation (see photo) is not difficult and you need only to cut a track and solder the components. If you are not satisfied with the result or you would for any other reason generate the original circuit, it is sufficient to remove everything and recover the track.
In principle there is nothing to be adjusted after the modification, but optimal results can be achieved by trimming L103 on 15 m for maximum during transmit or receive.
4 × 1N4148 diodes are used in the mixing stage. Many home brewers and I used this inexpensive system. However I got the impression that in a receiver modern and a faster Schottky (BAT85) diode works better than a 1N4148.
So the BAT85's were mounted in two Atlas sets with the motto "the receiver can not get worse." Because the forward voltage drop of both types of diodes is not equal, a set of 8 × BAT85 replaced 4 × 1N4148. The advantage is that it reduces the capacitance of each diode pair by a half to 5 pF. Even better seems to be a 1N5711 (capacitance 2 pF) type, but I have not seen it advertised for a reasonable price. BAT83 also has a 1.6 pF low diode capacitance.
PC-100A redrawn with sPlan.
The post mixer amplifier has drawn in the PC100C circuit.
POST MIXER AMPLIFIER II
Because I have PC-100A, 100B PC, PC-100C and PC-100D boards, I could not resist my urge to experiment further with PC-100D in my Atlas215x. In the past I replaced the absolete "P8000 and P8002 with multiple J310 in parallel. The goal was to load the output of L102 as closely as possible with 50 Ohm and not introduce too much amplification in the existing circuit.
It is reasonably well managed with the adjacent circuit and L102's output is matched over a wide range with 50 Ohms and VSWR = 1.3. The system was measured with two different antenna analyzers.
PC-300D drew with the mods.
Notethe additional 100 nF capacitor in parallel with electrolytic capacitor C113 (15 uF). I recommend this improved decoupling for all types PC-100 boards.
After much searching I purchased 1N5711 diodes, so the original 1N4148's of the first mixer were replaced.
Are the Altas transceivers got better with the mods? I have not (yet) measure, but the sets are not become worse.
See my other Atlas-210x/215x articles:General information AGC modification VFO stabiliser